Pet Dental Care

Small Animal Dental Services

One of the most common but also frequently overlooked health problems for companion animals is dental disease. By age 3, most pets have some degree of periodontal disease. This occurs as a result of bacterial infection along the gum line, due to the formation of plaque. Plaque is a sticky substance containing millions of bacteria that forms along the tooth surface and gum line. Without frequent removal, plaque eventually hardens into tartar. Left untreated, this leads to gradual destruction of the gum tissue and supportive structures around the teeth, which can result in tooth loss. Not only is periodontal disease harmful and painful because it results in loss of teeth, but it can also cause damage to important vital organs such as the:

  • Heart
  • Liver
  • Lungs
  • Kidneys

When it comes to dental disease, most pet owners don’t realize the extent of the problem until it is quite advanced; hence the importance of yearly to twice yearly physical examinations including a thorough oral health care assessment. In the early stages of dental disease, your veterinarian can recommend home dental health care measures such as tooth brushing, dental treats and rinses, and dental diets. When professional dental care is needed for your pet, general anesthesia is necessary. Your veterinarian will discuss the procedures involved in a COHAT (comprehensive oral health assessment and treatment) plan with you when dental care is needed. Most often, this will involve a day at the veterinary hospital to plan and perform the procedures, which may include doing:

  • Pre-Operative Lab Work
  • IV Catheterization
  • General Anesthesia
  • Dental X-Rays
  • Teeth Cleaning and Polishing
  • Dental Charting
  • Extractions when indicated

Upon discharge, the veterinary team will review any instructions pertaining to post-dental medications, special feeding instructions, and when to resume home dental care. Your pet will thank you for remembering to take care of his or her mouth, and live a longer and happier life as a result.

Equine Dental Services

Horses have different dental care requirements than dogs and cats. Like dogs and cats though, the health of the teeth affect the health, function and behavior of the entire animal. Unlike dogs and cats, horse (and cow) teeth keep growing. Eating wears the teeth down, but uneven edges can develop; causing sores on the cheeks and tongue. Periodically, your horse will require their teeth to be “floated”. This is a dental procedure performed by your Veterinarian which files down the rough edges of your horse’s teeth using a metal rasp. The filing doesn’t hurt (no nerves there). However, some horses might require sedation if they are uncomfortable with the procedure.

Horse teeth should be examined annually and floated if necessary to reduce pain, mouth odor, problems with wearing a bit, problems eating and weight loss.